ALB is a serum protein that helps evaluate hydration, hemorrhage, and intestinal, liver, and kidney health.
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT)
ALT is a sensitive indicator of active liver damage but doesn’t indicate the cause.
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALKP or ALP)
Elevations may indicate liver damage, Cushing’s disease, and active bone growth in young pets.
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
BUN reflects kidney function. An increased blood level is called azotemia and can be caused by kidney, liver, and heart disease, urethral obstruction, shock, and dehydration.
Deviations can indicate a variety of diseases. Tumors, hyperparathyroidism, kidney disease, and low albumin are just a few of the conditions that alter serum calcium.
Cl is an electrolyte often lost with vomiting and Addison’s disease. Elevations often indicate dehydration.
CHOL is used to supplement diagnosis of hypothyroidism, liver disease, Cushing’s disease, and diabetes mellitus.
Complete blood count (CBC)
The most common test, a CBC gives information on hydration status, anemia, infection, the blood’s clotting ability, and the immune system’s ability to respond.
A hormone that is measured in tests for Cushing’s disease (the low-dose dexamethasone suppression test) and Addison’s disease (ACTH stimulation test).
CREA reflects kidney function. This test helps distinguish between kidney and nonkidney causes of elevated BUN.
A specific type of white blood cells that, if elevated, may indicate allergic or parasitic conditions.
Gamma-Glutamyl Transeptidase (GGT)
GGT is an enzyme that, when elevated, indicates liver disease or corticosteroid excess.
Globulin is a blood protein that often increases with chronic inflammation and certain disease states.
Glucose is blood sugar. Elevated levels may indicate diabetes mellitus or stress. Low levels can cause collapse, seizures, or coma.
GRANS and L/M
Granulocytes and Lymphocytes/Monocytes are specific types of white blood cells
Hb and MCHC
Hemoglobin and Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration measures hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying pigment of red blood cells (corpuscles).
HCT measures the percentage of red blood cells to detect anemia and dehydration.
Lipase is an enzyme that may indicate pancreatitis when elevated.
Platelet Count (PLT)
measures cells that help stop bleeding by forming blood clots.
Potassium is an electrolyte lost with vomiting, diarrhea, or excessive urination. Increased levels may indicate kidney failure, Addison’s disease, dehydration, and urethral obstruction. High levels can lead to cardiac arrest and death.
RETICS are immature red blood cells. high or low levels help classify anemias
Serum Chemistry Profile
These common tests evaluate organ function, electrolyte status, hormone levels, and more.
Sodium is an electrolyte lost with vomiting, diarrhea, and kidney or Addison’s diseases. This test also helps indicate hydration status.
T4 is a thyroid hormone. Decreased levels often signal hypothyroidism in dogs, while high levels indicate hyperthyroidism in cats.
Total Bilirubin (TBIL)
TBIL elevations may indicate liver or hemolytic disease. This test helps identify bile duct problems and certain types of anemia.
Total Protein (TP)
Total Protein indicates hydration status and provides information about the liver, kidneys, and infectious diseases.
White Blood Cell (WBC)
The white blood cell count classifies and measures the body’s immune cells. Increases or decreases indicate certain diseases or infections.